Forex Trading in the UK Beginners Guide 2023

Currency Trading for Beginners

Foreign exchange trading—also commonly called forex trading or FX—is the global market for exchanging foreign currencies. Some platforms allow lot sizes as small as 100 currency units, while others deal in minimum sizes of 1,000 or 10,000. This is a big deal, because the amount of money that moves each pip can vary significantly depending on your lot size. Calculating the dollar-per-pip value of different lot sizes tends to throw off many a “noob” trader in forex.

  • For any trader, developing and sticking to a strategy that works for them is crucial.
  • Central Bank and Government PolicyCentral banks determine monetary policy, which means they control things like money supply and interest rates.
  • NerdWallet, Inc. is an independent publisher and comparison service, not an investment advisor.
  • It contends that currencies have a long-term mean (or average) level, and they tend to move higher or lower than this mean while always returning to it at some point.
  • Nowadays, everybody can become a trader due to many trading platforms offering diverse spreads, trading conditions, leverage, and different types of trading accounts.

Forex and currencies are affected by many reasons, including a country’s economic strength, political and social factors, and market sentiment. A forex trader will tend to use one or a combination of these to determine their trading style which fits their personality. In EUR/USD for example, USD is the quote currency and shows how much of the quote currency you’ll exchange for 1 unit of the base currency. The bid price is the value at which a trader is prepared to sell a currency. You’ll find everything you need to know about forex trading, what it is, how it works and how to start trading.


For example, going long USD/CAD denotes the expectation that the value of the U.S. dollar will rise against the Canadian dollar. For example, going short EUR/USD means expecting the euro to fall vs. the U.S. dollar. If the USD is the base currency, the pip value will be based on the counter currency, and you’ll need to divide these values for micro, mini and standard lots by the pair’s exchange rate. As with stock trading, the bid and ask prices are key to a currency quote. They, too, are tied to the base currency, and they get a bit confusing because they represent the dealer’s position, not yours.

What are the top 3 most traded currencies?

  1. US dollar (USD):
  2. Euro (EUR):
  3. 3. Japanese yen (JPY):
  4. The pound sterling (GBP):
  5. Australian dollar (AUD):
  6. Canadian dollar (CAD):
  7. Swiss franc (CHF):
  8. Chinese renminbi (CNH):

For example, USD/CAD shows the worth of one U.S. dollar in Canadian dollars. That’s easy enough to understand — after all, whether you’re buying a house or the euro, you want what you buy to be worth more than you paid for it. But maybe you have a balanced portfolio in place, and now you’re looking for an adventure with some extra cash. Provided you know what you’re doing — please take those words to heart — forex trading can be lucrative, and it requires a limited initial investment. So unlike the stock or bond markets, the forex market does NOT close at the end of each business day. An exchange rate is the relative price of two currencies from two different countries.

The pros and cons of forex trading

For example, you can use the information in a trend line to identify breakouts or a change in trend for rising or declining prices. You can trade forex via a spread betting or CFD trading account via desktop or mobile devices. Besides forex, you can access to thousands of financial instruments, including indices, cryptocurrencies, commodities, shares, ETFs and treasuries. What’s more, of the few retailer traders who engage in forex trading, most struggle to turn a profit with forex. CompareForexBrokers found that, on average, 71% of retail FX traders lost money. This makes forex trading a strategy often best left to the professionals.

How much can a beginner forex trader make?

To put this into perspective, a beginner trader may make an average of $50 to $100 per day, while an experienced trader can make anywhere from $500 to $1,000 per day. However, it's worth noting that experience alone is not enough to guarantee profitability. A trader must also have a solid trading strategy in place.

Compared to the “measly” $200 billion per day volume of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the foreign exchange market looks absolutely ginormous with its $6.6 TRILLION a day trade volume. The foreign exchange market, which is usually known as “forex” or “FX,” is the largest financial market in the world. If you decide to buy a currency pair, you are buying the base currency and will be selling the quoted currency. Meanwhile, when you sell the currency pair, you will be selling the base currency and will be receiving the quote currency. Basically, a currency pair is what you call the quotation and pricing structure of the currencies being traded in the forex market. The value of the currency is a rate and is determined by its comparison to another currency.

cTrader Brokers

We’re also a community of traders that support each other on our daily trading journey. There are different types of risks that you should be aware of as a forex Currency Trading for Beginners trader. There are several trading strategies you can use when it comes to forex trading. Some have been known to be more effective when compared to others.

Karl Montevirgen is a professional freelance writer who specializes in the fields of finance, cryptomarkets, content strategy, and the arts. Karl works with several organizations in the equities, futures, physical metals, and blockchain industries. He holds FINRA Series 3 and Series 34 licenses in addition to a dual MFA in critical studies/writing and music composition from the California Institute of the Arts. A set of analytical tools for successful trading on the financial markets.

The Forex market is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world, with a daily trading volume of approximately 5 trillion pounds (6.6 trillion USD – 2019). And Forex trading is buying and selling currencies on this market. A forex trader will buy a currency at the current market price and sell it again at a target price in the future. Because currency prices are always changing, the purchase and the sale price will be different, and the difference between the two prices will be the trader’s profit or loss.

A forecast that one currency will weaken is essentially the same as assuming that the other currency in the pair will strengthen. Companies doing business in foreign countries are at risk due to fluctuations in currency values when they buy or sell goods and services outside of their domestic market. Foreign exchange markets provide a way to hedge currency risk by fixing a rate at which the transaction will be completed.

Trading forex

Welcome to video #6 of Currency Trading for Dummies — the different types of Forex orders. This is a free (step by step) trading course that teaches you the essentials of Forex trading — especially for those who have little to no trading experience. Forex trading quotes are pulled from Google Finance and may be delayed up to 20 minutes.